Since its inception in 2013 the Arctic Challenge Exercise (ACE) has grown to become one of the largest military exercises in Europe, as Fredrik Edvardsen discovers.

EXERCISE REPORT Arctic Challenge Exercise 2017

USAFE F-15D 84-046 drops back after receiving fuel from KC-135 callsign ‘Quid 77’. The northern Scandinavian landscape retains snow even in May. Erik Bruijns and Mark de Greeuw

BACK IN the early 2000s Finland, Norway and Sweden began working together on small-scale exercises, which provided cost-effective training to enhance the skills of the aircrews and further strengthen the co-operation between the three nations.

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