HISPANO: BUCHÓN DEVELOPMENT: How Spain came to fit a German fighter with a British engine

A pair of Battle of Britain film Buchóns, ‘Yellow 9’ and ‘Yellow 11’, at altitude in the summer of 1968. Picture: ALAMY

The very prominent underwing rocket rails, as well as the 20mm cannon and the deep ‘chin’ radiator so distinctive of the Buchón, are shown well in this view of a pre-delivery HA-1112-M1L.

The Buchón largely owes its existence to Germany’s involvement in the Spanish Civil War, supporting Franco’s Nationalist forces from July 1936. The Legion Condor comprised Wehrmacht troops, armoured vehicles and a fleet of Luftwaffe aircraft including early variants of the Junkers Jumo-powered Messerschmitt Bf 109. The German machine was quickly found far superior to the Soviet Polikarpov I-15 and I-16 fighters operated by the Republicans.

Become a Premium Member to Read More

This is a premium article and requires an active Key.Aero subscription to view. You can also access it if you’re subscribed to one of our Key Publishing magazines.

I’m an existing member, sign me in!

I don’t have a subscription…

Why not join our community of aviation enthusiasts? Pick one of our introductory offers and access a wealth of world-class aviation content.