How technology led to the demise of the flight engineer

The navigator was the first to receive the chop and then there were three. Key.Aero recounts how the improvements in automation and system redundancy brought about the departure of another crew member from cockpits all over the world

Up until the early 1980s, the flight decks of the world’s widebody commercial airliners contained at least three crew members: the captain, first officer and flight engineer.

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