Based at Capellen, Luxembourg, the NSPA is a non-profit/non-loss organisation set up in its current form by NATO in April 2015. The responsibilities of the staff of around 1,450 cover major multinational weapon system acquisitions for a broad set of nations. They work with individual countries or groups of countries from NATO, the EU and partner nations who have collectively identified a problem.
For example, when the European Defence Agency (EDA) determined a strategic European air-to-air refuelling capability shortfall, the MMF programme was developed as a co-operative solution. Designed by the participating nations, it has been executed under the leadership of the NSPA in close partnership with the Organisation for Joint Armament Co-operation (OCCAR). Rudolf Maus, a former Luftwaffe general who joined NSPA in 2015, was keen to emphasise: “The acquisition process and development of capabilities are very complex – we help smooth the way.”