Brazil was the first Latin American country to take an active part in World War Two. Carrying out anti-submarine operations from the country’s coasts, the Força Aérea Brasileira played a vital role in protecting convoys heading to the USA
Brazil was a pioneer in Latin America when it came to creating its own air force as a separate armed service. On 20 January 1941, President Getúlio Vargas signed a decree establishing the Aeronautics Ministry and merging army and naval aviation into the Forças Aéreas Nacionais, the name of which was changed on 22 May to the Força Aérea Brasileira (FAB, Brazilian Air Force). It was equipped with aircraft bought in the 1930s, including 14 Focke- Wulf Fw 58 Weihe bombers and 24 Vultee V-11GB-2s for attack and reconnaissance. In total, 331 aeroplanes were transferred from the army and 97 from the navy.