Top Secret 'Operation Jiu Jitsu'

In early 1952, preparations were well advanced for an audacious Cold War operation, as Sqn Ldr John Crampton and his colleagues from the RAF Special Duty Flight got ready to fly their US-loaned North American RB-45Cs on deep penetration missions over the Soviet Union. Highly secret at the time, Operation ‘Jiu Jitsu’ can today be seen as the start of a new period in aerial reconnaissance

img_50-1.jpg
RAF and US Air Force crew members in front of the four RAF-marked RB-45Cs — serials 48-0019, 48-0034, 48-0036 and 48-0042, though it is not known which is which — at Sculthorpe in April 1952.

Three years after the detonation of the Soviet Union’s first atomic bomb in August 1949, US Air Force Strategic Air Command and RAF Bomber Command were fearful of a pre-emptive nuclear strike. Both wanted detailed target intelligence on the likely locations from which a Soviet nuclear offensive might be launched. The British priority was identifying Russian bomber bases, as these posed the most immediate threat to the United Kingdom. Also, it would be British airfields from which SAC was to mount any nuclear offensive against the USSR.

Become a Premium Member to Read More

This is a premium article and requires an active Key.Aero subscription to view.

I’m an existing member, sign me in!

I don’t have a subscription…

Enjoy the following subscriber only benefits:

  • Unlimited access to all KeyAero content
  • Exclusive in-depth articles and analysis, videos, quizzes added daily
  • A fully searchable archive – boasting hundreds of thousands of pieces of quality aviation content
  • Access to read all our leading aviation magazines online - meaning you can enjoy the likes of FlyPast, Aeroplane Monthly, AirForces Monthly, Combat Aircraft, Aviation News, Airports of the World, PC Pilot and Airliner World - as soon as they leave the editor’s desk.
  • Access on any device- anywhere, anytime
  • Choose from our offers below