RuAF News and development Thread part 15

Profile picture for user TR1

Member for

9 years 9 months

Posts: 9,579

Aircraft cover....finally appearing:

https://c2.staticflickr.com/2/1519/24853344350_f9d8d31902_o.jpg

Member for

8 years 7 months

Posts: 5,893

It's the first time I see Raf for Rafale...

1Saludo


It's a very personal abbreviation, obviously. You are then totally excused if you'd accept my apologies for having induced you in error ;)

Member for

7 years 6 months

Posts: 150

http://cdn-www.airliners.net/aviation-photos/middle/8/5/9/2782958.jpg

Profile picture for user TR1

Member for

9 years 9 months

Posts: 9,579

http://russianplanes.net/images/to184000/183864.jpg

And now the Ka-226 is in the "new" helicopter camo.

Profile picture for user Dr.Snufflebug

Member for

7 years 10 months

Posts: 479

I don't get why they even bother with counter-shading.

Proper camo rather than that dark grey though - sure. But since this is Kamov, how come this didn't catch on:

http://russianplanes.net/images/to129000/128641.jpg

A lot slicker.

I'm sorry that 99% of my "contributions" to this forum are about my neverending beef with Russian paintjobs. I just don't get it though, everything's so excessively colorful, oddly glossy, half-arsed (paint doesn't tend to stick for very long, for instance) and it tends to look awfully dated (straight out of WW2 in a lot of cases) in general. There are a few exceptions, but very few indeed.

I know that plenty of you folks are digging it... So this is like, just my opinion, man. Over and out.

Member for

16 years 8 months

Posts: 6,186

http://russianplanes.net/images/to184000/183864.jpg

And now the Ka-226 is in the "new" helicopter camo.

Prolly Desert/Jungle cammo

Member for

9 years 10 months

Posts: 1,138

I know that plenty of you folks are digging it... So this is like, just my opinion, man. Over and out.

Personally, I don't "digg it" .. I think all russian airplanes would -aesthetically- look 100x better with western style paint jobs.

Profile picture for user Nicolas10

Member for

15 years 1 month

Posts: 4,472

Personally, I don't "digg it" .. I think all russian airplanes would -aesthetically- look 100x better with western style paint jobs.

I disagree strongly. Very few western paint jobs are actually good looking. The Rafale paint job, or that of the Typhoon are utterly boring for instance.

Nic

Member for

16 years 8 months

Posts: 6,186

Case of better late then never , Reengine IL-96 and IL-114 production to be started

Russia Backs UAC to Expand Airliner Product Range

Russia’s government has given approval for United Aircraft Corporation (UAC, Stand J39, Chalet CD41) to press ahead with series production of the new Ilyushin Il-96-400M widebody. In December, it instructed the state-owned group’s VASO factory in Voronezh to boost its annual production rate to eight per year.

The move, confirmed in December, is part of a Kremlin move to reduce the dependence of the country’s air transport industry on foreign aerospace equipment at a time of mounting tensions with the West. It also comes as UAC is undergoing a further restructuring in a bid to be more competitive in difficult market conditions (see below).

Equipped with more fuel-efficient new powerplant, the new four-engined -400M now appears to be viewed as a more attainable and affordable alternative to the government-backed plans for the Russian and Chinese industries to jointly develop a new widebody. Plans for the Il-96-400M were first disclosed in November 2015 when Ilyushin general designer Nikolai Talikov addressed an aviation conference in Ulyanovsk.

The new model is a follow-on from the early Il-86 and Il-96-300/400 families, the main innovation being the replacement of the existing Aviadvigatel PS-90A1 turbofans with new PS-14Ms. The Perm-based engine maker developed the 14-metric-ton-thrust (30,864-pounds) PS-14 for Irkut’s MC-21 narrowbody and is now able to offer an uprated 16-metric-ton-thrust (35,273 pounds) M version (initially developed for the new Il-214-based military airlifter being developed by Russia and India).

According to UAC, the PS-14M turbofan will make give the Il-96-400M comparable direct operating costs to the twin-engined Airbus A330-300 and the Boeing 777-200. Eventually, the airframer hopes to be able to offer a twinjet version of the Il-96, assuming Aviadvigatel can fulfill its desire to develop a 35-metric-ton-thrust (77,160 pounds) PD-35 turbofan. Preparatory work for this program is based on the core of the NK32-2 engine that powers Tupolev’s Tu-160 bomber.

UAC is looking to exploit the more competitive pricing for Russian-made parts resulting from the falling value of the ruble currency since 2014. It also is committed to reducing maintenance requirements and costs.

Initially, the new Il-96s are largely expected to go into military service, for which they could fill a variety of applications, including surveillance and long-range air tankering. The Russian government is expected to urge Russian airlines to also invest in the new model. Cuba’s Cubana de Aviacion is currently the only carrier operating the Il-96-300, and VASO has been making the 160-seater at a rate of barely one per year.

New Regional Turboprop

Meanwhile, the Russian government also has urged UAC and its subsidiaries Ilyushin and NAZ Sokol to resume production of the 64-seat Il-114 twin turboprop regional airliner. This week, Russian civil aviation authority Rosaviatsiya is staging a conference to determine levels of demand for the model.

The State Scientific Research Institute of Civil Aviation estimates the size of the Russian market at 230 large turboprops through 2034, plus maybe another 70 aircraft for military use. According to UAC, this would be sufficient demand to merit the resumption of production.

The final decision has yet to be taken, but it is expected that the Kremlin may go so far as to restrict domestic sales of foreign turboprops, such as the ATR72, in order to bolster demand for the aircraft, which until 2012 were built by the TAPO factory in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Another prospective competitor is the Chinese Comac Modern Arc family, about which there have even been discussions over possible Russian production.

Currently there is only one Il-114 operating in Russia and this is used by avionics group Radar-MMS as a flying testbed. Uzbekistan Airways has seven of the type in its fleet, with these being the -100 version, featuring Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127H engines, as well as Rockwell Collins avionics and other Western equipment. The current standard Il-114 is powered by the Russian Klimov TV7-117SM turboprops, but UAC plans to adopt the new -117ST engines that have been developed for the Il-112V military transport.

The initial plan is for UAC’s NAZ Sokol factory in Nizhny Novgorod to assemble the new Il-114s from kits provided by TAPO, and also to restore existing aircraft now in storage to operational standards. The first of the new batch is expected to be ready to enter service in the middle of 2018.

The Russian government has committed to providing 27 billion rubles ($338 million) to support the program through the 2016-2022 timeframe. These funds would be available through federal funding to support engineering work and investment in manufacturing equipment. UAC has indicated that total investment in the production relaunch would be around $220 million.

According to UAC, the Il-114 burns between 520 kg and 550 kg (1,146 pounds to 1,213 pounds) of fuel per hour, which it says makes it competitive with the ATR72 (the published figure for the ATR 72 in cruise is 584 kg, or 1,287 lbs). According to Talikov, Uzbekistan Airways uses its aircraft up to 1,800 flight hours per month.

One factor behind the planned relaunch of the Il-114 is that licensed production of the 52-seat Antonov An-140 was recently discontinued. This followed the refusal of Ukrainian companies, including Antonov, to supply components and parts to their Russian partners.

The Il-114 achieved type certification in 1997. UAC does intend to make changes to the position of wing consoles with a view to improving yaw and bank stability at slow speeds. This would allow the maximum 40-degree flap deflection (compared with 20 degrees for the existing aircraft), significantly reducing approach speeds and so requiring less landing distance. The new aircraft would also feature electrically-powered anti-icing systems and some improvements to the cockpit.

More UAC Restructuring

The relaunch of Il-114 production is part of wider strategic changes announced by UAC president Yuri Slyusar. As it grapples with the impact of Russia’s economic downturn, and the drop in value of the ruble on currency markets, the group is looking to “strengthen cooperation with other manufacturers, including foreign ones, to open UAC production facilities to the most capable partners. Through further outsourcing, the company says it expects to reduce the number of final assembly plants in the process.

In other reforms, UAC is establishing five new divisions, responsible for “commercial, combat, transport, special purpose aviation, as well as for aircraft maintenance and support.” In addition to Ilyushin, the group combines design bureau brands such as Sukhoi, MiG and Tupolev. Its most advanced aircraft program is the PAK FA fifth generation T-50 fighter, for which two new prototypes are set to begin flight testing soon to evaluate combat mode performance and weaponry integration and use.

Already in production is the Superjet SSJ100 narrowbody airliner. This program has benefitted from around $500 million in government funds released to the State Transport Leasing Company to support sales to operators such as Yamal Airlines, which is to get 25 aircraft, and Kazakhstan-based SCAT, which has 15 on order, plus 5 options.

Profile picture for user Dr.Snufflebug

Member for

7 years 10 months

Posts: 479

I disagree strongly. Very few western paint jobs are actually good looking. The Rafale paint job, or that of the Typhoon are utterly boring for instance.

Nic

Boring yeah, but slick and modern.

Though I honestly think it has less to do with colors and more to do with paint.

Profile picture for user haavarla

Member for

11 years 7 months

Posts: 6,440

Boring yeah, but slick and modern.

Though I honestly think it has less to do with colors and more to do with paint.

You meant to say boring, but slick, modern and proffecial?

Anyway, how can something be boring and at the same time be slick and modern?

Profile picture for user Dr.Snufflebug

Member for

7 years 10 months

Posts: 479

You meant to say boring, but slick, modern and proffecial?

Anyway, how can something be boring and at the same time be slick and modern?

Plain matte "NATO"-style grey is very boring, no matter how you look at it. But it's also very modern, and it instills confidence in the machine. Apparently it's also notably less prone to unsightly chipping, and it hides away surface unevenness and so on too.

However, even when the Russian Air Force paints things grey it tends to look dated because instead of going with those slick, matte low-viz shades that we've gotten so used to seeing, they splash on some awful glossy stuff in nonsensical shades and they do it really badly too. I reckon that Serdyukov wanted to "westernize" things, but all that came out of that was repulsive aubergine things and so on. OK, they did a fairly good job on the choppers, but that was exactly where that kind of thing was needed the least (aesthetically speaking).

Mikoyans M2/35/K/KUB prototypes and their in-house paintjobs is the only real exception I can think of, to be honest. Lo and behold - when finally put into service (K/KUB) by the VMF they just bloody had to mess it up. It's like it's a compulsion. I will never get that, seriously.

I cringe when I see videos from the whole Syrian deal now, especially those from RT and other propagandistic outlets. They're accompanied by sensational "Russia strong!" headlines, clearly aimed at a Western audience (that's what RT etc are for), but at the same time we're seeing planes that look flippin dreadful compared to ours and most people will think the same thing. If they'd whip up some something Strike Eagle-esque for the Su-34, you know that the PR bit would be a whole lot more successful, don't you? I seriously can't be alone in this.

Profile picture for user Rii

Member for

9 years 8 months

Posts: 3,381

Lots of phones and cars look slick/sleek and modern and boring. Although slick/sleek does contain a note of approval, I don't see any real conflict between the adjectives.

Plain matte "NATO"-style grey is very boring, no matter how you look at it. But it's also very modern, and it instills confidence in the machine. Apparently it's also notably less prone to unsightly chipping, and it hides away surface unevenness and so on too.

However, even when the Russian Air Force paints things grey it tends to look dated because instead of going with those slick, matte low-viz shades that we've gotten so used to seeing, they splash on some awful glossy stuff in nonsensical shades and they do it really badly too. I reckon that Serdyukov wanted to "westernize" things, but all that came out of that was repulsive aubergine things and so on. OK, they did a fairly good job on the choppers, but that was exactly where that kind of thing was needed the least (aesthetically speaking).

Mikoyans M2/35/K/KUB prototypes and their in-house paintjobs is the only real exception I can think of, to be honest. Lo and behold - when finally put into service (K/KUB) by the VMF they just bloody had to mess it up. It's like it's a compulsion. I will never get that, seriously.

I cringe when I see videos from the whole Syrian deal now, especially those from RT and other propagandistic outlets. They're accompanied by sensational "Russia strong!" headlines, clearly aimed at a Western audience (that's what RT etc are for), but at the same time we're seeing planes that look flippin dreadful compared to ours and most people will think the same thing. If they'd whip up some something Strike Eagle-esque for the Su-34, you know that the PR bit would be a whole lot more successful, don't you? I seriously can't be alone in this.

I hear you, although a matte version of the Su-35S without the quaint 1950s touches (red cover panel interiors, black anti-glare panel, green wheel hubs) would be *seriously* sexy. Sensible, moderate colour saturation, pretty well matched dielectric covers - and NOT grey!

What would really take the prize though is a Tu-160 painted all over in a matte version of the old Su-35S top surface dark grey - the dictionary definition of MENACE! If you are being cast into the role of the Evil Empire, you might as well play to the gallery :)

EDIT: Agree on the Ka-60 paintjob, that was a fantastic scheme!

Profile picture for user Nicolas10

Member for

15 years 1 month

Posts: 4,472

I'm sorry but considering how the Russians are dressed on all those "only in Russia" youtube videos, I think we can't complain about Russian camos.

Nic

Member for

16 years 8 months

Posts: 6,186

PD-14 - the engine of progress

[ATTACH=CONFIG]244229[/ATTACH]

October 30, 2015 began testing the new Russian aircraft engine PD-14 on IL-76LL flying laboratory. This is an event of exceptional importance. According to appreciate its value to help 10 interesting facts about the turbojet engines in general and on the TP-14 in particular.

1. Achievement of humanity

Turbojet (THD) - one of the major technical achievements of mankind, which can be put on a par with the invention of the wheel, sail, steam engine, the internal combustion engine, rocket engine and nuclear reactor. It is thanks to TRD our planet suddenly became small and cozy. Anyone can in a matter of hours comfortably and safely get to the most remote corner of it.

According to statistics, only one flight of 8 million end accident with loss of life. Even if you do every day to sit on an occasional flight, you will need 21,000 years to die in a plane crash. According to statistics, walking many times more dangerous than flying. And all this is largely due to the incredible reliability of modern aircraft engines.

2. The miracle of technology

But THD - an extremely complex device. In the most difficult conditions of work of its turbine. Its most important element - the blade with which the kinetic energy of the gas stream is converted into mechanical energy of rotation. One paddle, and them in each step of aviation turbine, there are about 70, develops a power equal to the power of "Formula 1" car engine, and at the speed of about 12 thousand. RPM centrifugal force acting on it is equal to 18 tonnes, equivalent to load on the double-decker London bus suspension.

http://sdelanounas.ru/i/d/n/r/dnRicnVzc2lhLnJ1L3VwbG9hZC9tZWRpYWxpYnJhcnkvNDYyL3Z0YnJ1c3NpYV8wM19wZDE0XzYwMC5qcGc_X19pZD03NDUyOQ==.jpg

But that's not all. Gas temperature, which is in contact with the blade, almost equal to half the temperature on the surface of the sun. This value is 200 ° C higher than the melting point of the metal from which the blade is made. Imagine this task required not to melt an ice cube in a furnace heated to 200 ° C. Designers manage to solve the problem of cooling the blade by internal air channels, and special coatings. It is not surprising that one blade is eight times more expensive than silver. To create just this little part that fits in your palm, you need to develop more than a dozen sophisticated technologies. And each of these technologies as a major guarded state secret.

3. Technology Turbojet important atomic secrets

In addition to domestic companies only US company (Pratt & Whitney, General Electric, Honeywell), England (Rolls-Royce) and France (Snecma) possess a full cycle of creation of modern turbojet technology. That is, countries that produce modern aircraft turbojet engine, smaller than the countries possessing nuclear weapons or launching satellites into space. Long-term efforts in China, for example, has so far not led to success in this area. The Chinese quickly copied and equipped with the Su-27 Russian fighter own systems, releasing it under the symbol J-11. However, the copy of his engine AL-31F they did not succeed, so China still has to buy this is no longer the most modern turbojet engines in Russia.

4. PD-14 - the first domestic aircraft engine 5th generation

Progress in the aircraft engine is characterized by several parameters, but it is considered one of the main gas temperature before the turbine. The transition to each new generation of turbojet, and account for a total of five, was characterized by an increase of the temperature of 100-200 degrees. Thus, the temperature of the gas from TRD 1st Generation, introduced in the late 1940s, no more than 1150 ° K, in the 2nd generation (1950-ies.), This figure rose to 1250 ° K, in the 3rd generation (1960.), this parameter rose to 1450 ° K for engines 4th generation (1970-1980.) the gas temperature reached to 1650 ° K. The blades of the turbine engine 5-th generation, the first examples of which emerged in the West in the mid-90s, working at a temperature of 1900 ° K. Currently, only 15% of the world engines in use are of the 5th generation.

One blade of aviation turbine develops power, "Formula 1" equal to power a car engine

Increasing the temperature of the gas, as well as the new design scheme, primarily dual-circuit, allow for 70 years of Turbojet made impressive progress. For example, the ratio of thrust to weight ratio has increased over this period by 5 times and to modern models came to 10. The degree of compression of the air in the compressor is increased by 10 times: from 5 to 50, the number of compressor stages decreased by half - from an average of 20 to 10. Specific fuel consumption of modern turbojet halved compared with the engines of the 1st generation. Every 15 years there is a doubling of passenger traffic in the world with almost constant total cost of fuel worldwide fleet of aircraft.

http://sdelanounas.ru/i/d/n/r/dnRicnVzc2lhLnJ1L3VwbG9hZC9tZWRpYWxpYnJhcnkvZTAxL3Z0YnJ1c3NpYV8wNF9wZDE0XzYwMC5qcGc_X19pZD03NDUyOQ==.jpg

At present, Russia produces only a civil aircraft engine 4th generation - the PS-90. If we compare it with the PD-14, then two engines similar weight (2950 kg in the basic version of the PS-90A and 2870 kg at the PD-14), the size (diameter of the fan in both 1.9 m), the compression ratio (35.5 and 41) and the take-off thrust (16 and 14 ton).

In this high-pressure compressor PD-14 consists of 8 stages, while the PS-90 - 13 at a lower total degree of compression. Bypass ratio in PD-14 is twice as high (4.5 in PS-90 and 8.5 in PD-14) with the same fan diameter. As a result, the specific fuel consumption at cruise flight at 15% PD-14 will fall, according to preliminary estimates, compared with existing engines: up to 0,53-0,54 kg / (kg · h) vs. 0.595 kg / (kg · h ) of PS-90


5. PD-14 - the first aircraft engine, created in Russia after the collapse of the USSR

When Vladimir Putin congratulated Russian experts with the beginning of the test the PD-14, he said that the last time such an event took place 29 years ago in our country. Most likely, there was a mean 26 December 1986 when the first flight of the IL-76LL the program PS-90A test.

The Soviet Union was a great aviation power. In the 1980s in the USSR worked eight most powerful aircraft engine design bureau. Often, firms compete with each other, as was the practice to give the same job two OKB. Alas, times have changed. After the collapse of the 1990s had to collect all the power industry to implement a project to create a modern engine. In fact, the formation of the 2008 UEC (United Engine Corporation), with many enterprises which actively cooperates VTB Bank, and was aimed at creating an organization capable of not only preserve the competence of the country in gas turbine manufacture, but also to compete with the leading companies of the world.

The prime contractor of the project is a PD-14 OKB "Aircraft Engine" (Perm), which, by the way, to develop and PS-90. Mass production is organized at the Perm Engine Plant, but parts and accessories will be manufactured in the country. In cooperation involved Ufa Engine Industrial Association (UMPO), NPO "Saturn" (Rybinsk), NPTSG "Salute" (Moscow), "Metallist-Samara" and many others.

6. PD-14 - motor for the main plane of the XXI century

One of the most successful projects in the field of civil aviation of the USSR was a medium-range Tu-154. Released in 1026 piece quantities. He was for many years the basis of "Aeroflot" park. Alas, the time is coming, and the workaholic does not meet modern requirements either in economy or ecology (noise and emissions). The main weakness of the Tu-154 - engine 3rd generation D-30KU with high specific fuel consumption (0.69 kg / (kg · h).

States producing modern turbojet aircraft, less than countries with nuclear weapons

The newcomer to replace the Tu-154 medium-range Tu-204 engines with 4th generation PS-90 in the disintegration of the country and the free market could not compete with foreign manufacturers, even in the fight for domestic airlines. Meanwhile, the medium-range single-aisle aircraft segment, which is dominated by Boeing-737 and Airbus 320 (only in 2015 were delivered to airlines in the world 986 pcs.), - The mass, and the presence on it - a necessary condition for the preservation of the domestic civil aircraft. Thus, in the early 2000s, an urgent need to create a new generation competitive TRD has been identified for the medium-haul aircraft in the 130-170 seats. That plane should be MS-21 (the main plane of the XXI century), developed by the United Aircraft Corporation. The problem is incredibly difficult, as competition with Boeing and Airbus could not bear not only the Tu-204, but no other aircraft in the world. It is under the MS-21 and PD-14 is being developed. Success in this project will be akin to the economic miracle, but such initiatives - the only way for the Russian economy to get off the oil needle.

7. The PD-14 - basic design for the engine family

The letters "PD" stands for forward-looking engine, while the number of 14 - ton thrust in-confidence. PD-14 - is the base engine for the family of turbojet thrust from 8 to 18 ton. Business idea of ​​the project is that all these engines are based on the unified gas generator a high degree of perfection. The gasifier - TRD is the heart, which includes a high pressure compressor, combustor and turbine. It is these nodes manufacturing techniques, especially the so-called hot parts, are critical.

The family of engines based on PD-14 will equip modern powerplants almost all Russian planes from PD-7 for short-haul "Sukhoi Superjet 100" to the PD-18, which can be installed on the flagship of the Russian aircraft - long-range Il-96. Planned to develop a helicopter engine PD-10 to replace the Ukrainian D-136 on the world's largest Mi-26 helicopter on the basis of PD-14 gas generator. The same engine can also be used on the Russian-Chinese heavy helicopters, of which the development has begun. On the basis of the gas generator PD-14 can be created, and so the necessary Russian gas compressor plants and gas turbine power plants with capacity from 8 to 16 MW.

8. PD-14 - it's 16 critical technologies

For the PD-14, under the leadership of the Central Institute of Aviation Motors (CIAM), the head SRI industry and OKB "Aircraft Engine" was developed 16 critical technologies: monocrystalline blades of high pressure turbine promising cooling system for operation at the gas temperature to 2000 ° K, hollow wide-fan blade is made of titanium alloy, which made it possible to increase the efficiency of the fan stage by 5% compared to the PS-90, low-emission combustion chamber of the intermetallic alloy, sound-absorbing structures made of composite materials, ceramic coatings on the details of the hot part, the hollow blades of low pressure turbine and etc.

PD-14 will continue to improve. At MAKS-2015 it was already possible to see created in CIAM prototype of wide blades of carbon fiber fan, the mass of which is 65% by weight of hollow titanium blades used today. The stand CIAM could see the prototype gear, which is supposed to equip the PD-18R modification. Reducer will reduce the fan speed, so that is not tied to the turbine turns, it will work in a more effective manner. It is expected to raise to 50 ° K and the temperature of the gas before the turbine. This will increase the PD-18R to 20 ton thrust and reduce specific fuel consumption by 5%.


9. PD-14 - 20 is the new materials

When you create a PD-14 developers from the outset staked on domestic materials. It was clear that Russian companies under any circumstances do not provide access to new materials of foreign production. Here the leading role played by the All-Russian Institute of Aviation Materials (VIAM), with the participation of which is for PD-14 developed about 20 new materials.

But to create a material - is half the battle. Sometimes Russian metals superior to overseas, but for use in civil aircraft engine certification is required by international standards. Otherwise, the engine, no matter how he was good, was not allowed to fly outside of Russia. The rules here are very strict, since we are talking about people's safety. The same applies to the motor manufacturing process: industry enterprises required by the European Aviation Safety Agency certification standards (EASA). All this will make to strengthen the culture of production, and under the new technologies necessary to the industry upgrading. The very development of PD-14 took place on the new digital technology, allowing for 7-th instance of the engine has been assembled in Perm on the technology of serial production, while earlier experimental batch was produced in an amount of up to 35 copies.

The development of modern engine takes 1.5-2 times longer than the development of the aircraft

PD-14 is to get to the next level of the entire industry. But what to say, even a flying laboratory IL-76LL after several years of inactivity in need of retrofitting equipment. I found a job and stands for the unique CIAM, allowing on the ground to simulate flight conditions. In general, the PD-14 project will preserve Russia more than 10,000 highly skilled jobs.

10. PD-14 - the first domestic engine, which directly competes with western analogue

The development of modern engine takes 1.5-2 times longer than the development of the aircraft. From a situation where the engine does not have time to test the top of the aircraft, for which it is intended, aircraft manufacturers are facing, alas, regularly. That's MS-21 rolled out the first instance will take place at the beginning of 2016, and the test of PD-14 has only just begun. However, in the project from the outset envisaged alternative: MS-21, customers can choose between PD-14 and PW1400G company Pratt & Whitney. It is with the American engine of MS-21, and will take the first flight, and with it the PD-14 to compete for a place under the wing.

In comparison with a competitor, PD-14 is slightly inferior to the economy, but it is lighter, has a significantly smaller diameter (1.9 m vs. 2.1), and therefore less resistance. And one more feature: Russian experts deliberately went for a simplification of the design. Baseline PD 14 uses a fan drive gear, and are not adjustable nozzle applies an external circuit, it has lower gas temperature before turbine, which simplifies achieving reliability and life. Therefore, the engine PD-14 is cheaper and, according to preliminary estimates, it will require less costly maintenance and repair. By the way, in a fall in oil prices is lower operating costs, and cost-effectiveness are not skhemoobrazuyuschim factor and the main competitive advantage of the aircraft engine. In general, direct operating costs MS-21 PD-14 may be 2.5% lower than with the American version of the engine.

Today ordered MS-21 175, 35 of them - with the engine PD-14.

Attachments
Profile picture for user haavarla

Member for

11 years 7 months

Posts: 6,440

Plain matte "NATO"-style grey is very boring, no matter how you look at it. But it's also very modern, and it instills confidence in the machine. Apparently it's also notably less prone to unsightly chipping, and it hides away surface unevenness and so on too.

However, even when the Russian Air Force paints things grey it tends to look dated because instead of going with those slick, matte low-viz shades that we've gotten so used to seeing, they splash on some awful glossy stuff in nonsensical shades and they do it really badly too. I reckon that Serdyukov wanted to "westernize" things, but all that came out of that was repulsive aubergine things and so on. OK, they did a fairly good job on the choppers, but that was exactly where that kind of thing was needed the least (aesthetically speaking).

Mikoyans M2/35/K/KUB prototypes and their in-house paintjobs is the only real exception I can think of, to be honest. Lo and behold - when finally put into service (K/KUB) by the VMF they just bloody had to mess it up. It's like it's a compulsion. I will never get that, seriously.

I cringe when I see videos from the whole Syrian deal now, especially those from RT and other propagandistic outlets. They're accompanied by sensational "Russia strong!" headlines, clearly aimed at a Western audience (that's what RT etc are for), but at the same time we're seeing planes that look flippin dreadful compared to ours and most people will think the same thing. If they'd whip up some something Strike Eagle-esque for the Su-34, you know that the PR bit would be a whole lot more successful, don't you? I seriously can't be alone in this.

There is a other point between glossy and matte paint.

The glossy paint is stronger(resilient) and last longer from tear nd wear.
So you see, there is also economy involved ;)

Member for

9 years 10 months

Posts: 1,138

If an F-4 can look that good with an "aegean ghost" camo, imagine an Su-35 !

[ATTACH=CONFIG]244230[/ATTACH]

Attachments

Member for

16 years 8 months

Posts: 6,186

Algeria Orders More Russian Mi-26T2 Helicopters

http://www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/defense/2016-02-24/algeria-orders-more-russian-mi-26t2-helicopters

Having taken delivery of six Mil Mi-26T2 helicopters in 2015-16, Algeria has firmed up an option for eight more, for delivery in 2017-18. The North African country was effectively the launch customer for the upgraded version of the heavy-lift machine. Russian arms vendor Rosoboronexport was the intermediary between the customer, the Russian Helicopters holding company, and its subsidiary Rostvertol, which produces the Mi-26. It is the world’s largest rotorcraft in serial production.

As of today, the T2 version is operational only in Algeria. The Russian defense ministry has declared an intent to buy some but has yet to formalize a purchase agreement. China took an additional Mi-26T last year and is considering the T2. The Mi-26T2 is the most recent version of the baseline Mi-26. It has a maximum takeoff weight of 56 metric tons (123,500 pounds) and a maximum payload of 20 tons (44,000 pounds). With a full payload, the helicopter can cover nearly 600 km (320 nm) at a cruise speed of 255 km/h (138 knots). The Mi-26T2 is distinguishable though a state-of-the-art BREO-26 cockpit package from Russian avionics group KRET. It features a glass cockpit of five LCDs, digital data processing, satellite-aided navigation, night flying capability, secure datalink and built-in health-monitoring system. Aircrew is reduced to two to three from five or six for the baseline version.