Military Fighter Aircraft

Commonly called fighter aircraft or fighter jets; these fixed wing aircraft can be interceptors, bombers or reconnaissance aircraft with an electronic warfare role. Some modern fighter jets are what is called multirole aircraft. Military fast jets typically have one or two seats and often operate in a two-fighter team, with a lead and a wingman. It is their speed and versatility that distinguish a fighter from other types of military aircraft, such as transport planes or dedicated reconnaissance platforms.

Lockheed Martin celebrates delivery of 123 F-35s in 2020

Despite the added challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic, Lockheed Martin delivered 123 F-35 Lightning II fifth-generation multi-role stealth fighters to customers in 2020 – the last of which was handed over in mid-December

USAF reactivates the 355th FS as Alaska’s second F-35A unit

The USAF reactivated the 355th Fighter Squadron at Eielson Air Force Base on December 18, marking the arrival of the second Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning II unit in Alaska

Singapore awards decade-long F-15SG support contract to Boeing

Boeing announced on December 21 that it has been awarded a ten-year-long contract by the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) to support its fleet of F-15SG Strike Eagle multi-role fighters

Saudi Arabia receives final new-build Boeing F-15SAs

Saudi Arabia received its final Boeing F-15SA multi-role fighters on December 10, completing a US$29.4bn Foreign Military Sale contract for 84 new-build aircraft that was signed in October 2010

Lockheed Martin lands $900m USAF F-16 depot contract

Lockheed Martin announced on December 11 that it has been awarded a US$900m contract by the USAF to provide sustainment support and depot-overflow services for its F-16 Fighting Falcon fleet

USMC’s first F-35C unit declares IOC

The USMC revealed on December 1 that VMFA-314 'Black Knights' has become the first Lockheed Martin F-35C Lightning II unit to declare initial operational capability (IOC)

Russia receives final batch of Su-34 fighter-bombers

The United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) revealed on December 2 that its subsidiary, Sukhoi, had delivered its final batch of Su-34 fighter-bombers to Russia, completing a long-term contract with the nation’s defence ministry

Watch this USAF F-35A drop a mock B61-12 nuclear bomb for the first time

The Sandia National Laboratories released previously-classified footage of a USAF Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning II fifth-generation multi-role stealth fighter dropping an inert B61-12 nuclear gravity bomb on November 23

UAC delivers last of 50 Su-35S fighters to Russia

The United Aircraft Corporation revealed on November 25 that it has handed over the final three of 50 new-build Sukhoi Su-35S multi-role fighters to the Russian Ministry of Defence

Croatia receives final offers for MiG-21 replacement

The Croatian Ministry of Defence revealed on November 11 that it has received final offers from four government teams seeking to provide the country with a new multi-role fighter

Fighter aircraft were not the first heavier-than-air military aircraft. During the First World War bi-planes with a pilot and a crew member would carry out. Guns were soon added to these aircraft and the fighters were born; the term dogfight became synonymous with the new form of aerial combat. These aircraft would also crudely drop bombs with a crew member simply throwing the bombs out of the aircraft. After the First World War, fighter development led to the single wing, enclosed cockpit, propeller powered aircraft such as the RAF Hawker Hurricane, Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109 and the United States Army Airforce North American Aviation P-51 Mustang. After the war, the RAF Gloster Meteor was the RAF’s first operational jet fighter and it was rapidly joined by fast jets from France, Russia and the USA.

Today, the roles of military fast jets have hardly changed, from intercepting other fast jets fighters or bombers, to maintaining air superiority, they are bombing air defences and photographing bombed sites for battle damage assessment as well as escorting slower, more vulnerable aircraft.

Different Types of Fighter Planes

From the first aerial reconnaissance aircraft, the Wright brothers military flyer, or Model A, sold to the US military in 1909, it took 45 years until the United States Airforce’s North American F-100 Super Sabre became the world’s first operational supersonic fighter in 1954. There has been a huge amount of technological development between the Super Sabre and the world’s first operational fifth generation fighter, the United States Marine Corp’s Lockheed Martin F-35B/C Lightning II, which entered service in 2015. All fixed wing aircraft, since the advent of jet fighters in World War Two, have been a variety of designs to meet the military’s changing needs. Jet engines were in development before World War Two, but it was only near the end of that war that the first operational fast jet fighter, the Messerschmitt Me 262, took to the skies.

Fighters steadily developed to fly higher and faster, carry more payloads, both missiles and bombs, and became supersonic. The need for greater speed saw the delta wing shape for supersonic flight, air-to-air missiles were used in the Korean War for the first time, and it was only later that fighters were equipped with radar, allowing for longer range interception. The 1960s saw the development of vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) capability with the Royal Navy’s Hawker Siddeley Harrier, which is still in service with the Indian military. Propeller powered fighter aircraft did not end with the flights of the Gloster Meteor and the 1950s saw experiments with VTOL propeller powered aircraft that sat on their tails in a vertical position.

Since the 1980s fast jets have become stealthy, first with the now retired Lockheed Martin F-117 Nighthawk which was primarily a bomber, to the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, an interceptor, and the multirole Lockheed Martin F-35, which are both said to have very small radar signatures.

Find out more about other types of Military Aircraft

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