Military Fighter Aircraft

Commonly called fighter aircraft or fighter jets; these fixed wing aircraft can be interceptors, bombers or reconnaissance aircraft with an electronic warfare role. Some modern fighter jets are what is called multirole aircraft. Military fast jets typically have one or two seats and often operate in a two-fighter team, with a lead and a wingman. It is their speed and versatility that distinguish a fighter from other types of military aircraft, such as transport planes or dedicated reconnaissance platforms.

First F-16 arrives at Greenville for depot sustainment program

Lockheed Martin has received its first F-16 from the US Air Force as part of a US$900m indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity contract the company received in December 2020 to provide sustainment support and depot-overflow services for the type

Final Sayonara for Japanese Phantoms

After retiring the last operational F-4EJ Phantoms from service, the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) has now also completed the withdrawal of the remaining examples of the type

Israel set to move two F-16 units to Ramat David

Two Israeli Air Force F-16 squadrons are to relocate from Hatzor Air Base to Ramat David Air Base. The planned move, which was announced by the IAF on March 10, involves 101 ‘First Fighter’ and 105 ‘Scorpion’ Squadrons

USAF accepts its first F-15EX

The USAF formally accepted its first F-15EX at Boeing’s facility in St Louis, Missouri, on March 10 – just over a month after the multi-role fighter graced the skies for the first time

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Phantom Pharewell: Japan bids farewell to the legendary F-4EJ

The legendary McDonnell Douglas F-4EJ Phantom II has bowed of service with the Japan Air Self-Defense Force. Key.Aero looks at the multi-role fighter's half-century of Japanese operations

Storm Shadow makes combat debut with Typhoon

An RAF-operated Eurofighter Typhoon FGR4 has fired MBDA's Storm Shadow for the first time in combat, having used the air-launched cruise missile to strike a target in Iraq on March 10

Denmark’s first F-35A takes flight

The first Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning II fifth-generation multi-role stealth fighter for the Royal Danish Air Force has completed its maiden flight

Belgium grounds F-16 fleet due to engine concerns

Belgium has grounded its entire fleet of Lockheed Martin F-16AM/BM (MLU) Fighting Falcon multi-role fighters, meaning that the nation’s air defence duties have now been temporarily taken over by the Netherlands

Singapore marks a decade of F-15SG ops with special tail scheme

The Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) has marked a decade of Boeing F-15SG Strike Eagle operations by applying a special tail scheme to one of its aircraft

BAE Systems set to launch EPAWSS production

BAE Systems has received a US$58m contract from Boeing to launch low-rate initial production of the F-15 Eagle Passive Active Warning and Survivability System (EPAWSS) for the USAF

Fighter aircraft were not the first heavier-than-air military aircraft. During the First World War bi-planes with a pilot and a crew member would carry out. Guns were soon added to these aircraft and the fighters were born; the term dogfight became synonymous with the new form of aerial combat. These aircraft would also crudely drop bombs with a crew member simply throwing the bombs out of the aircraft. After the First World War, fighter development led to the single wing, enclosed cockpit, propeller powered aircraft such as the RAF Hawker Hurricane, Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109 and the United States Army Airforce North American Aviation P-51 Mustang. After the war, the RAF Gloster Meteor was the RAF’s first operational jet fighter and it was rapidly joined by fast jets from France, Russia and the USA.

Today, the roles of military fast jets have hardly changed, from intercepting other fast jets fighters or bombers, to maintaining air superiority, they are bombing air defences and photographing bombed sites for battle damage assessment as well as escorting slower, more vulnerable aircraft.

Different Types of Fighter Planes

From the first aerial reconnaissance aircraft, the Wright brothers military flyer, or Model A, sold to the US military in 1909, it took 45 years until the United States Airforce’s North American F-100 Super Sabre became the world’s first operational supersonic fighter in 1954. There has been a huge amount of technological development between the Super Sabre and the world’s first operational fifth generation fighter, the United States Marine Corp’s Lockheed Martin F-35B/C Lightning II, which entered service in 2015. All fixed wing aircraft, since the advent of jet fighters in World War Two, have been a variety of designs to meet the military’s changing needs. Jet engines were in development before World War Two, but it was only near the end of that war that the first operational fast jet fighter, the Messerschmitt Me 262, took to the skies.

Fighters steadily developed to fly higher and faster, carry more payloads, both missiles and bombs, and became supersonic. The need for greater speed saw the delta wing shape for supersonic flight, air-to-air missiles were used in the Korean War for the first time, and it was only later that fighters were equipped with radar, allowing for longer range interception. The 1960s saw the development of vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) capability with the Royal Navy’s Hawker Siddeley Harrier, which is still in service with the Indian military. Propeller powered fighter aircraft did not end with the flights of the Gloster Meteor and the 1950s saw experiments with VTOL propeller powered aircraft that sat on their tails in a vertical position.

Since the 1980s fast jets have become stealthy, first with the now retired Lockheed Martin F-117 Nighthawk which was primarily a bomber, to the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, an interceptor, and the multirole Lockheed Martin F-35, which are both said to have very small radar signatures.

Find out more about other types of Military Aircraft

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